The Emerging Role (Future) Of Accounting
As man has created from a crude age to a cutting edge relationship age, living has progressed from being substituent as a tracker gatherer to an information driven globalized world idea of ‘viability going to significance’s and from the beginning with this advancement, self bookkeeping with the math device has created through stewardship bookkeeping to budgetary bookkeeping and now administrative bookkeeping; which has an attention on basic leadership.
Evolution of Accounting Theory:
As per investopedia.com, Accounting Theory in the light of its advancement can be characterized as the survey of both recorded establishments of bookkeeping practice just as the manner by which bookkeeping practices are checked and added to the examination and utilization of money related standards. Bookkeeping as a control is accepted to have existed since the fifteenth Century.
From that opportunity to now organizations and economies have kept on developing significantly. Bookkeeping hypothesis must adjust to better approaches for working together, new mechanical gauges and holes that are found in revealing systems thus, it is a ceaselessly developing subject. As expert bookkeeping associations help organizations translate and use bookkeeping guidelines, so do the Accounting Standards Board help constantly make increasingly proficient handy uses of bookkeeping hypothesis.
Bookkeeping is the establishment of productive and viable business the executives and canny administrative basic leadership, without which organizations and exchange worldwide would work indiscriminately and lethally. It is subsequently important to connect how it has advanced to its future job.
Trends Impacting the Future of the Accounting Profession
Advances in technology are taking accounting to new levels. Whether you are a seasoned accounting professional looking to stay on the cutting edge of the industry or an aspiring newcomer, you’ll want to get to know the following major technology trends.
Working in the Cloud
Cloud computing is experiencing rapid growth as new intelligent technologies — such as the internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning — are integrated into the cloud, according to Forbes. As intelligent technologies progress and more companies move their information to cloud-based systems, accountants need to become proficient in leveraging the cloud to offer clients up-to-date financial analysis and to stay competitive. The future of the accounting profession is looking decidedly cloud-based, as noted in an article by Complete Controller.
Automation of Accounting Tasks
Another example is the use of robotic process automation (RPA) to minimize processing times for audits and contracts down to weeks instead of months, according to the CPA Journal. As Forbes explains, larger firms using RPA AI integration have “increased efficiency and higher-level services,” compared with smaller, non-AI competitors. With automation due to become a major aspect of accountancy, it is crucial that you prepare for the future of accounting by gaining the necessary skills to perform the administrative, managerial, and analytical tasks that technology can’t complete.
The Power of Blockchain
Because blockchain enables users to access ledgers in real time, as well as create smart contracts and record transactions, it’s no surprise the system is catching the notice of accountants. In fact, many accounting firms already implement blockchain, including the Big Four — Ernst & Young, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Deloitte, and KPMG — according to Accounting Today. Accounting professionals who wish to use blockchain will need to be familiar with relevant software programs, as well as how to set up information transfer for ledgers, contracts, and records.
Implications for Research
Big accounting firms are conducting surveys on cloud computing, big data, technological change, new forms of fraud and corruption, and corporate sustainability in order to address the ongoing and future opportunities and challenges facing the profession.
KPMG, for example, has produced survey reports on cloud computing, fraud/corruption/bribery, corporate sustainability, and <IR>.
A growing number of accounting academics are investigating more narrative corporate reporting. A growing number of accounting academics and their PhD students are looking at social and environmental sustainability issues and the associated global frameworks, such as Global Reporting Initiative Standards, <IR>, the UN Global Compact, Social Accountability, and so on. Accounting researchers are organizing some national and international conferences, such as CSEAR and APIRA, to disseminate their findings to the wider community.
Professional accounting organizations, including Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand, CPA Australia, and the ACCA (UK) are providing seed funding to academic researchers to investigate issues in line with future economic, technological, social, and environmental changes.
Despite ongoing efforts by professional accounting organizations and academic researchers, there is a surprising gap in research that deals with the changes that will impact accountants and professional accounting organizations. Future research should drive industry collaborations and collaborations between inter-disciplinary academic researchers in order to reveal strategic responses to and pro-active strategies on changes in digital technology, the continued globalization of standards, and new forms of regulation and associated stakeholder expectations.
How Management Accounting Adds Value to the Organization
According to Professor John Hassell of Indiana University’s Kelly School of Business, management accounting adds value to the organization by:
- Providing managers with information, such as product costs, budgets and cash flows. The information includes financial and non-financial data that helps managers with strategic planning and decision-making.
- Assisting in directing and controlling, including analyzing and comparing actual performance to budgeted plans and directing attention to highlight successful or problem areas.
- Motivating managers to achieve the organization’s goals by communicating the plans, providing a measurement of how well the plan was achieved, and prompting an explanation of deviations from plans.
- Measuring performance not only for the entire organization, as in financial accounting, but also for many sub-units, such as divisions, departments and even managers.
- Assessing the organization’s competitive position in the rapidly changing business environment, as well as looking at at how well the firm is doing internally, in the eyes of its customers, from the standpoint of innovation and continuous improvement, and financially.
More and more, managerial accounting is used throughout the entire modern business organization via cross-functional management teams, as well as with top executives and personnel from a variety of functional areas, including marketing, production, engineering and operations.
Present role of Management Accountants – Conceptions & Misconceptions
- Cost and Management accounting system had often become of little importance to managers. Many regarded them as minor routine belonging to the accountants, used to evaluate stocks and prepare monthly results speedily.
- There are all the obvious things to do: Statutory and Financial accounting, Taxation compliance, Funding, Management reporting and so on. All of this tends to be in the background; it just has to happen in any event. Management Accountants have not yet progressed more towards bridging the gap between managers and accountants and they have yet to concern more with looking towards the future – at where business is going and what is going to happen.
- Very few conceptual modifications have been brought in, in the cost and management accounting in the last 40 years.
- Cost is too important to be left to the cost and management accountant.